Psycho-analysis #1

I recently bought a book, The Essentials Of Psycho-Analysis by Sigmund Freud. Although it’s endlessly fascinating, it’s also complex and difficult to read, this was to be expected. As I’ve been reading it, I make notes and copy some interesting or important findings and theories of Freud. Now my aim is to write about them in the form of essays on WordPress, for the purpose of my own understanding. My first is only going to be brief.

Firstly I’d like to actually defend Freud. He is known for his contributions to the understanding of psychology, he is also the founder of psycho-analysis, however he is also known for his controversial theories on sexual life. I think that his absurd theories shouldn’t be dismissed or rejected. He believes that sexual life begins with each life, that is to say when a person is born, so far I’ve read little about this and at this time I do not wish to elaborate. However, it needs to be taken into account that as a child one acts on innate instinct, not much different to that of an animal, also it is not to be forgotten that Freud has found evidence to back up his theories. I’m not agreeing with them at all, merely being open-minded.

The first chapter in the book is The Question Of Lay Analysis. This is introduces the entire book nicely. ‘Laymen’ = Non-doctor. The chapter looks into how an analyst does their job to cure patients of their neurotic behaviour. He writes about the ego and the id and their usual role and also their role in neurosis. From what I understand the ego must have entire control of the id, as the id is ‘selfish’ and childlike, which acts on instinct with the aim of satisfying its needs. The ego is more organised and guides the id to ensure a balance between right and wrong. Freud’s theory of neurosis is that it begins in childhood, only to be noticed in adulthood; in the early years of life people repress events, moments and so on whilst the ego is ‘feeble’ and therefore unintelligible. The ego does this to protect itself by denying the id of its desires. Later on in life however symptoms of abnormal cognition present themselves, whereby the person will be concerned enough to see a psychoanalyst with the aimed to be cured through talking. The analysts aims are to listen, interpret and restore the patients ego. The analyst will try to find the repressions through dream interpretation, free associations and they will look for anything that the patient may not be conscious of. This process can take several months, but the analyst should eventually reach a conclusion and inform their patient of their findings.

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